Διαπραγμάτευση ή μεσολάβηση ως μόνη επιλογή στην επίλυση του Κυπριακού;
Cyprus, the third largest island in size in the Mediterranean is located east of Greece and near the coast of Turkey and Syria. Due to its strategic position, many years now a dispute has been created, known as ‘the Cyprus problem’ about which there have been ongoing negotiations and in this thesis we will examine if they have been proven efficient, if they are the only solution and what has been the outcome until nowadays. In 1878 Cyprus was annexed from the Ottomans to the British meanwhile the Greek-Cypriots seeking for Enosis with Greece and the Turkish-Cypriots seeking for Taksim, meaning the division of the island. In 1960 the decision about the announcement of signing the independence of the Republic of Cyprus in correspondence with three more treaties, is official. The junta of 1967 in Athens, Greece leads seven years later to the coup d’état against Makarios and to the double Turkish invasion, forcing the people from both communities to flea away and causing violent incidents, resulting in the self-declaration of TRNC in 1983. From 1974 till 2002 many conferences and meetings have been taken place with the aid of UN and its General Secretaries without any tangible outcome. The Annan Plan which was presented in 2002, was put into simultaneous referenda and was supported only by 65% of the Turkish-Cypriots while 76% of the Greek-Cypriots were negative because they didn’t believe any positive outcome would come of it. On 1st of May 2003 the Republic of Cyprus joins the EU meanwhile the negotiations continue rapidly but in general disagreement. Since the beginning the negotiations have been a part of the Cyprus dispute which has been known as “the graveyard of diplomats” due to its tremendous difficulty that all ambassadors face when it comes to finding the route of the problem and solving it. To sum up, the Cyprus problem seems to be a comfortable conflict with the risk of success higher than the advantages of failure.