Χρόνια νοσήματα και κοινωνικοοικονομικοί παράγοντες - Δεδομένα από τη βάση SHARE 50+
Chronic diseases and socioeconomic factors - Data from SHARE 50+ database
KeywordsΕλλάδα ; SHARE 50+ ; Χρόνιες ασθένειες ; Παράγοντες κινδύνου ; Κοινωνικοοικονομικοί παράγοντες
The advances in technology and medicine have led to an unprecedented increase in the prevalence of chronic diseases which are the leading causes of morbidity and death. There are socioeconomic and behavioral risk factors that can lead to chronic diseases. This dissertation aims to study the relation between these factors and chronic diseases among the Greek population. For this purpose data from the SHARE 50+ database, specifically from the easySHARE 6.1.1 version (wave 6), were analyzed using spss. The sample contained 3584 Greek people aged 50-75 years. The variables this paper examined include the prevalence of chronic diseases, their effect on self-perceived health and the quality of life, the effect of socioeconomic factors such as gender, income, education and marital status on chronic diseases, the association between behavioral risk factors such as smoking, body mass index and physical exercise and chronic diseases, as well as the correlation between socioeconomic and behavioral risk factors. The results indicate that 60,1% of the people interviewed have at least one chronic condition. Low education level leads to grater prevalence of chronic diseases, but for couples the chances of chronic disease are lower. Chronic diseases lead to worse self-perceived health and quality of life, which is made even worse by lower socioeconomic status. Also chronic diseases are associated with behavioral risk factors and there is a greater prevalence of these factors among people of lower socioeconomic status. People with low income exercise less and more often smoke, men smoke more than women and lower education leads to higher BMI.