Ο ρόλος της ιδιωτικής ασφάλισης στο ελληνικό σύστημα υγείας
The private insurance role's at the Greek health system
KeywordsΕθνικό Σύστημα Υγείας (ΕΣΥ) ; Κοινωνική ασφάλιση ; Ιδιωτική ασφάλιση ; National Healthcare System (NHS) ; Social insurance ; Private insurance
This thesis was written in the context of obtaining a postgraduate diploma in health services administration and it examines the role of private health insurance in the National Health System. The National Health System was instituted in Greece in 1983 and although the reform framework concerned free health services and universal coverage, it is a common belief that the system is now largely privatized as private health spending has been on the rise. Private health expenditure is the third source of funding. The level of private health spending in Greece, as a percentage of total spending, is among the highest in Europe. This increase in the private health market was made possible by the significant growth in the private insurance market. Private health insurance may have either a complementary or integral role in social security. The results of this quantitative survey lead to the conclusion that citizens would have preferred to have the choice between social and private insurance, considering that the use of private insurance in public hospitals would strengthen competition between public and private hospitals and would benefit the National Health System.