Οι προτεραιότητες της ενεργειακής πολιτικής της ΕΕ και ο ρόλος της Ελλάδας
SubjectΑνανεώσιμες πηγές ενέργειας
KeywordsΕνέργεια ; Φυσικό αέριο ; Πετρέλαιο ; Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση ; Ενεργειακή κατανάλωση ; Ενεργειακή ζήτηση ; Ασφάλεια εφοδιασμού ; Κοινή ενεργειακή πολιτική ; Energy ; Natural gas ; Oil ; Renewable energy resources ; European Union ; Greece ; Energy consumption ; Energy demand ; Safety of energy supply ; Single energy policy
The aim of the following essay is to make an overview and analysis of the given situation in the field of energy in the European Union, as well as the role that Greece can play in the international energy scene, given its geopolitical position and the effort that is underway from 2009, for the exploitation of natural resources of energy, as a vehicle which lead Greece outside of the economic crisis. In the first chapter a description of energy policy in Europe, by establishing the first European Community for Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) to date, takes place. The creation of a common energy market and the safe and uninterrupted energy supply for citizens and businesses in European countries has become objective and direct EU priority. Also in the same chapter records and shows the existing situation in the Member States of the European Union regarding energy demand and consumption at European level, the energy imports, as well as the main energy suppliers of the European Union, in the framework of search for new energy sources and alternative channels of energy transmission. The goal of the second chapter is to present the priorities that the European Union has set in the energy sector, as the recent crisis in Ukraine demonstrated, once again, the energy dependence from Russia and the urgent need to develop a common European energy policy. A European Union that speaks with one voice in the energy sector will become less vulnerable to geopolitical developments and international turbulence. These priorities are reflected and recorded in the texts of the European Union, meaning in primary and secondary Community law, as it has developed and quiet. Energy diplomacy is an integral part of the international relationships and states attempt to gain influence on energy resources and especially energy pipelines, because this is the key to increase their power in the anarchic and competitive international environment and system. In this context, the objective of the third chapter is to describe the existing and planned gas pipelines and the basic energy statistics of the states of Kaspian Sea, Middle East and south-eastern Mediterranean. Energy deposits of these countries are a serious alternative resource that will help EU to get free from Russian energy dependency. Finally, the subject of the fourth chapter is to analyse the energy policy of Greece, identify the key energy characteristics and describe the Greek efforts for exploration and exploitation of proven and suspected energy deposits, in order to strengthen its geopolitical power. Also some proposals are submitted, in order to develop a national energy policy. The main proposal is the creation of an institutionalized Higher Committee of Wise Men on the energy policy of Greece. This Committee will consists of distinguished academics, specialized in energy issues and in International Relations and will be mainly charged with formulating national energy policy in order to take over and to strengthen international and regional role in the country. The references come from literary studies, Greek and EU legislation and analyzes and statistics, from Greek-European-international websites, specialized in energy.