Οικονομική ανάλυση της προοπτικής ίδρυσης διαλυτηρίων πλοίων ατην Ελλάδα
SubjectΠλοία -- Διάλυση
KeywordsΑνακύκλωση πλοίων ; Περιβάλλον ; Τιμές διάλυσης ; Διεθνείς κανονισμοί ; Κόστος συμμόρφωσης ; Μετακίνηση αγοράς ; Ship recycling ; Environment ; Scrap/demolition price ; International regulations ; Compliance cost ; Relocation
The main goal of this thesis is to study and analyse, from an economic perspective, the feasibility of establishment/expansion and operation of ship dismantling facilities, in Greece. The European Environmental Agency has turned its sights towards ship dismantling procedures, and more specifically, the environmental and social impacts that the currently established processes create, especially in Southeast Asia, where most of the ships under European ownership are being dismantled. The above mentioned change of policy, along with the recent adoption of the new EU Ship Recycling Regulation, works as an indicator for a possible market share increase for Europe-based dismantling facilities. Under these circumstances and through a thorough analysis of relevant scientific articles and bibliographic references, we review the potential for Greece to receive a portion of the market share of the ships soon to be dismantled and are currently under ownership of environmentally-conscious ship owners. The first chapter details a historical review of the ship dismantling industry, applying emphasis on the relocation of dismantling centers away from industrialized countries and towards the developing world. Additionally, the contributing factors that influence supply and demand in the ship dismantling industry, along with the major market influencers and stakeholders, are specified; always under the prism of dynamically varying market conditions. Chapter two provides a description of the dismantling methods currently in use as well as the overall structure of the ship dismantling market, as it is currently shaped. The prevalent conditions in both the traditionally dominant (in terms of market share) Asian facilities and the “green” European and North American dismantling facilities are also covered. Chapter three outlines the impact, and therefore the social and environmental externalities of the traditional methods used for ship dismantling. Moreover, it records the actions of the EU and other international organizations towards more environmentally friendly dismantling methods and the establishment of protective measures in order to improve working conditions. Chapter four presents a feasibility study for the relocation of the center of operations away from Asian countries. A guideline for a model ship dismantling facility is provided. Following that, the current market conditions for Greece are being outlined. Furthermore, by taking the costs of adherence to the international ship dismantling standards into account, and through the utilization of Net Present Value investment analysis, the feasibility of the expansion of ship dismantling activities in Greece is examined. Chapter five outlines the concluding comments resulting from the above mentioned analysis, answers the questions initially posed and provides further suggestions on the topic.