Σύγκριση συμβάσεων παροχής μεταφορικής υπηρεσίας σε χερσαίες, εναέριες και θαλάσσιες μεταφορές
SubjectΔημόσιες συμβάσεις -- Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση, Χώρες της ; Μεταφορές ; Public contracts -- European Union countries ; Transportation
This essay is the effort of defying the importance of the Public Service Contracts and Public Service Obligations in the European Union and the ways they are executed depending on the type of transport (rail, air, sea), the country at which they are executed and the reason. The first chapter refers to the importance of Public Service Contracts and Public Service Obligations in the European Union, the general principles that they are based on as well as the terminology and methodology used. The second chapter analyses the process followed for the railway contracts, the terms, general characteristics and the obligations of both parties. There are also some examples mentioned. The third chapter refers to air transport contracts and their general terms. There is also a comparison of air transport contracts carried out in various countries of the European Union. The forth chapter develops the logic of Public Service Obligations and public Service Contracts applied on sea transport, why they are carried out and under what circumstances. The terms of “sea transport” and “island” are defined. It is also explained at which slots-routes PSOs are applied. In the fifth chapter there is an effort made to clarify who takes the risk of the performance cost (net and gross cost contracts). In the sixth chapter, and the last one, all three types of public transport are compared.