Η σημαία ως συντελεστής της αξιοπλοΐας του πλοίου και η επίδραση στη θαλάσσια ασφάλιση
Κούνουπα, Αργυρώ Α.
Each vessel is registered by its owners under a Ship Registry of choice and is given a flag, which is part of its identity. The flag of a vessel is a reflection of its owner’s policy, goals and interests. Many choose to register their vessel in the Ship Registry of their native country, but quite often a flag of a foreign State is chosen. The competitiveness of the global market has made the so called Flags of Convenience very popular. Such Flag States are more tolerant in registering vessels of lower standards therefore decreasing the operational costs in favor of profit. The reliability and solvency of the Classification Society, which examines and certifies the technical specifications and condition of one vessel, are key factors to the insurance cost of a ship and its cargo. The Flag State is one of the factors that determines the level of seaworthiness of a vessel, depending on the standards it sets. High standards translate into high level of seaworthiness and therefore a more secure voyage. Although the Flag State has an impact on the insurance cost, it is other factors like the Classification Society’s and owner’s trustworthy name that dominate.