Οι αγορές πετρελαίου και εμπορευμάτων στη ναυτιλία - ανάλυση του διεθνούς εμπορίου και ο αντίκτυπος που έχουν οι τιμές του πετρελαίου στο θαλάσσιο μεταφορικό κόστος
KeywordsΑργό πετρέλαιο ; Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) ; Δεξαμενόπλοια ; Μεταφορά πετρελαίου ; Μεταφορά φυσικού αερίου ; Τερματικοί σταθμοί
The subject of this work is the oil and gas markets as well as their trade through shipping. In the first section we will record the definitions of oil and gas. We will also refer to their key features and give a brief historical review of their extraction and marketing. In the second chapter we will deal with the global oil and gas market. We will give definitions of supply and demand and we will associate supply with demand. In the third chapter, we will focus on how to transport oil and gas, on preferred transport routes and on transport costs. In the next chapter we will discuss in detail the tankers used for transport. We will record their species, their capacities and their basic characteristics. In the fifth chapter we will make an extensive account of how oil and gas are loaded onto tankers and how terminals work. In the sixth and final chapter we will deal with the oil economy. We will refer to oil crises from time to time and to the impact of oil and gas prices on the global economy.