Vessel General Permit (VGP). Σύγχρονες θεσμικές και τεχνικές εξελίξεις σε σχέση με το BWM (Ballast-Water-Management) και με άλλες απορρίψεις στην θάλασσα
KeywordsΑπορρίψεις πλοίων ; Διαχείριση έρματος ; Γενική άδεια πλοίου ; Vessel discharges ; Ballast water management ; Vessel general permit
This work dealt with the modern institutional and technical developments relating to the BWM and other discharges at sea and was completed through five chapters. The general framework was discussed, the categories of discharges and the categories of the ineligible discharges. The details of the discharges that are not subject to the prior exception of the NPDES permit were reported and the discharges produced by ships operating with the property other than the property as a means of transport. Also data on waste were reported, the used or spent fuel, the garbage, the photo processing waste water, the waste water from dry cleaning work, the medical waste discharges and related materials, the discharges of noxious liquid substances residuals, the degreasing agents with tetrachlorethylene and trichlorethylene and the discharges that are covered or were covered by another NPDES permit. The procedure for obtaining the permit was also discussed and the categories of ships that submit and do not submit a NOI. Also there were presented the cases in which the VGP applies and also discussed the ships that must submit a NOI. The ships that are required to submit a NOI were reported, and the management requirements of sludge and ballast water. The challenges in the implementation of the BWM Convention, where the technical, legal and financial challenges were reported and analyzed. A cost research was conducted, where the data for the research and the interview that took place were presented and also information concerning the research methodology. The findings and results obtained from the research were developed. Finally, the work was completed with final conclusions in relation to the theory and the research.