Πίνακες επιβίωσης κατά αιτία θανάτου και κατά φύλο στην Ελλάδα 2011
Life tables by cause of death and by sex in Greece, 2011
KeywordsΘνησιμότητα ; Αιτίες θανάτου ; Επιβίωση ; Προσδόκιμο ζωής ; Ευρώπη ; Ελλάδα ; Στατιστική ανάλυση
The present dissertation deals with the construction of abridged life tables by sex and cause of death for Greece for 2011. The data used in the analysis come from the vital registration system of Greece for the years 2010, 2011 and 2012. More specifically, the average number of deaths for this period for each specific cause by sex and 5-year age group was used along with the enumerated population in the 2011 population Census to compute the life tables. Causes of death were grouped into four categories: malignant neoplasms, ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease and other diseases of the circulatory system. First, the abridged life tables for all causes of death for 2011 by sex were constructed. Then, the methodology used to construct these life tables and the relevant estimates are presented. Finally the estimated life tables in the absence of a specific cause are discussed. The main findings of the analysis are as follows: a. malignant tumors are a very important cause of death for both sexes; elimination of that cause would result in a 3.34 year increase in the expectation of life at birth for men and a 2.21 increase for women, b. the elimination of ischemic heart diseases would benefit men more than women and c. the elimination of cerebrovascular disease and other diseases of the circulatory system seem to affect equally both sexes; however, the relevant benefit is rather modest.