Η πολιτική οικονομία της ενεργειακής ασφάλειας της Κίνας: οι επενδύσεις της στην αφρικανική ήπειρο
The aim of the work is to explore the Sino-African relations at the beginning of the 21st century (2000-2015) and their impact on the balance of the international system. Special emphasis will be put on China's central planning and geo-economic strategy through investment planning on the African continent, as well as the results of this political and economic management so far in African states (Sino-African development and energy relations). The subject of the work is China's investment strategy to cover its internal energy security and the construction of infrastructures and networks (telecommunications, transport, energy, etc.) for the production of natural resources affecting the international economy and industry . This design is carried out through China's One Belt-One Road (new silk road) and the go global program, making several chock points with the most important of Malaka stream's strategic paths for energy and commercial interests of China. Also, the development of the "String of Pearls" system (as the international bibliography of China's commercial, diplomatic and military land and sea bases and networks in Asia and the Indian Ocean) calls for China's energy security. Cases of states will be reported to confirm whether the phenomena of resource crises and Dutch disease occur in African states by Chinese investments. The main question that attempts to answer is whether countries with an abundance of natural resources do not show similar economic growth? Many developing countries show this paradox of plenty, making the institutional deficit the main cause of the phenomenon of the curse of resources. The working methodology to be followed is the analysis, critique and presentation of descriptive statistics of macroeconomic magnitudes of Sino-African relations and the collection and documentation of secondary sources of Greek and foreign literature. For this reason, extensive literature from scientific journals, collections of research findings from research centers and institutes of recognized international standing are used. The main conclusions of the work are the change of China's high-level strategy in the 21st century towards developing economies with particularly high political and business risk and the emergence of Sun Zi's soft power in its economic and foreign policy on the African continent. Also, its development model in Africa is mainly expressed by network and infrastructure constructions within the win-win model, aiming at land and sea access to African-state wealth sources and the achievement of its energy security to cover its industrial needs, in return for the development infrastructures in Africa. Finally, the phenomena of the Curse of Resources and of the Dutch Disease in most African countries are confirmed. Despite the development of the energy sector and the abundance of Chinese investments by state-run enterprises in the past two decades, as well as the improvement of many indicators in African macroeconomic aggregates, social cohesion, political stability, military ceasefire, and especially economic growth in the African continent, does not seem to be attained at all.