Διεθνές και ευρωπαϊκό νομικό πλαίσιο και οικονομικό κόστος της θαλάσσιας πειρατείας
The last decade, sea piracy has made a dramatic reappearance, causing a deep consideration throughout the world on finding ways, in order to address this major problem. Sea piracy has totally different characteristics from piracy that took place during the 16th, the 17th and the 18th century, due to the fact that pirates of that times, plundered ships and cities for political and expansive reasons, in comparison with pirates of today, whose purpose is the private profit. Southeast Asia, West Ocean and Guinea’s Golf are the highest risk areas for sea piracy. Except of the national legal frame that punishes the crime of sea piracy and except of the European and the International legal frame, that has to do with the crime of sea piracy, the most important legislation is the International Contract for the Sea Law. Unfortunately, according to the International Contract for the Sea Law, there are no penalties for pirates and separate countries have the authority to punish the pirates they have arrested, according to their national law. Nevertheless, we should not ignore the economic cost, that is caused from sea piracy globally and causes financial problems to all the maritime factors. This analysis approaches the problem in total and analyzies approximately its financial consequences.