Τα κύρια περιβαλλοντικά προβλήματα της Μεσογείου
KeywordsΘαλάσσιο περιβάλλον ; Μεσόγειος Θάλασσα ; Κλιματική αλλαγή ; Ρύπανση ; Marine environment ; Pollution ; Mediterranean Sea ; Climatic changes
This thesis entitled ’’Major issues concerning the Mediterranean environment’’ emphasizes on the problems that affect this area and their short-term or long-term consequences. After a short reference to the term of the Mediterranean Sea and the way that the Mediterranean region was formed, we give a description of its natural characteristics such as the climate, geography, hydrography and physical and biological oceanography. Thanks to the detailed presentation of the major environmental issues, we can understand that the human factor is one of the main causes that disturb the balance of this sensitive ecosystem through various activities. As a result, we focus, inter alia, on pollution, fishery, shipping, agriculture and industry as well as on the consequences that they have on the climate and the ecosystem as a whole. Although actions and plans have taken place with remarkable results, the protection of the Mediterranean Sea is still necessary and more crucial than ever.