Χρηματοοικονομική ανάλυση της ελληνικής ακτοπλοΐας και σύγκριση με την ιταλική
KeywordsΝαυτιλία ; Ακτοπλοΐα ; Καμποτάζ ; Ελλάδα ; Ακτοπλοϊκές εταιρείες ; Χρηματοοικονομική ανάλυση ; Ιταλία ; Ανταγωνιστικότητα ; SWOT analysis
The economic outlook of the Greek Coastal Shipping is very important to Greece, since it is a country with a large number of islands and its economy is based mostly on tourism that is strongly connected to Coastal Shipping. Unlike the other sectors of Greek Shipping, Coastal Shipping is affected by the situation of National Economy and the changes in passengers’ income. This Diploma Thesis presents the Greek Coastal Shipping and is compared to the Italian one. The Greek and the Italian Coastal Shipping share the percentage of 35% of the European Coastal Shipping. Taking into account that the four largest ferry shipping companies in Greece operate vessels in the Adriatic Sea, the Italian Coastal Shipping is one of the most important competitors in the Mediterranean Sea. This study analyzes the main characteristics of the Greek Coastal Shipping Sector and then presents the most important financial ratios of the four largest ferry shipping companies in Greece from 2010 to 2014. The companies were utilized for this analysis are the Anonymous Shipping Company of Crete SA (ANEK LINES), the Attica Holdings SA (ATTICA GROUP), the Minoan Lines Shipping Company (MINOAN LINES) and the Hellenic Seaways. The Italian companies that were utilized are the MOBY LINES, the GRANDI NAVI VELOCI, the VISEMAR DI NAVIGAZIONE SRL and the GRIMALDI GROUP. The comparison of the Greek with the Italian Coastal Shipping Sector was based on the above mentioned companies’ financial statements for 2013. Specifically, this diploma thesis consists of ten chapters and one appendix. The first chapter presents the definition of shipping sector and its economic value. The second chapter presents the history and the main characteristics of the Greek Coastal Shipping, while the third chapter analyzes its institutional framework and all recent changes on it. The fourth chapter lists the strengths, the weaknesses, the opportunities and the threats of the Greek Shipping Sector through the SWOT analysis. The fifth chapter refers to the presentation of the four largest shipping companies in Greece while the sixth chapter presents the economic situation of the Coastal Shipping Sector for the period from 2010 to 2014. The seventh chapter analyzes the most important financial ratios of the four Greek Companies for the same period. The eighth chapter presents the SPACE matrix and the ninth chapter presents the four Italian Coastal Shipping companies and the comparison between the Italian and Greek Coastal Shipping sector. Lastly, the chapter ten refers to some predictions, conclusions and proposals concerning the Greek Coastal Shipping.