Μελέτη του επιπέδου ζωής στα άτομα του οικογενειακού περιβάλλοντος των πασχόντων από κακοήθειες
A study of the quality of life of the relatives of cancer patients
Παπαδοπούλου, Σοφία Σ.
KeywordsΕπίπεδο ζωής ; Κακοήθειες ; Οικογενειακό περιβάλλον ; Στατιστική ανάλυση ; Λογιστική παλινδρόμηση ; Ποιότητα ζωής
The aim of this research is the study of the quality of life of the relatives of cancer patients. More specifically, people who have family members suffering from cancer have completed four questionairies regarding the quality life (SF-36, CES-D, STAI-X-1, STAI-X-2), along with some demographics. Totally sixty-nine family member of patients with malignancies from “Agios Savvas” General Anticancer Hospital of Athens participated in this survey. We used parametric and non-parametric tests, Pearson X2 test, model of multiple linear and logistic regression and Cronbach’s Alpha Index. The most important conclusions coming out from this study are related to the connection among the demographics and the scales of the quality of life. The study focused on how the demographics affect the quality of life and it was proved that when the overall rate of SF-36 is high, then the rates of CES-D and STAI get low. In addition, it was observed that the time someone spends with a patient is not affected by the type of cancer or their relationship in the family. It was also proved that the family, the security insurance and educational status statistically consist very important prediction factors of the overall rate of the SF-36 (physical and mental health). Moreover, the professional status, the relationship with the patient and the education are statistically important prediction factors of the overall rate of STAI (self- esteam). It was estimated that the gender, the family status and education are statistically important prediction factors of low Physical health (total) and the total health (quality of life) while statistically important prediction factors of low mental health (total) seem to be the family status and education. For the prediction of people at risk with depression it was found that the statistically important variables are their gender, family status, the relationship with the patient and education. Finally, the relationship with the patient and frequency of how often they deal with the patient are statistically important prediction factors of the appearance of some level of anxiety to people who are family members with patients with malignancies (cancer).