Η επίδραση της απασχόλησης στη θνησιμότητα στην Ελλάδα και σε χώρες της Ευρώπης
Effects of occupation on mortality in Greece and other European Countries
Employment and unemployment are among the most important issues in people's lives today. In this thesis, the impact of employment on mortality in Greece and in European countries is explored. This study uses data from the second wave of the SHARE survey conducted in 2007, taking into account the deaths that occurred within the next 8 years (up to the 6th wave, 2015). The first chapter analyzes the definitions of employment / unemployment and mortality / morbidity and presents their levels and trends by gender and age group in European countries. The second chapter includes the presentation of the variables of interest from the SHARE survey and a descriptive analysis. A first investigation of the differences in mortality in relation to demographic, socioeconomic, physical and mental health variables and employment is being conducted. The third chapter presents the method of Logistic Regression and the methods of assessing the validity of a Logistic Regression Model. In addition, Logistic Regression models are developed to study the impact of employment and other factors on mortality. Finally, the final chapter presents the main conclusions drawn from the data analysis. In particular, the impact of employment on mortality has been confirmed. Those who are employed seem to have a lower relative probability of death than those who are not working (retired, homemakers, permanently sick or disabled, unemployed). At the same time, the type of occupation is of particular importance in relation to mortality, as the more risky a profession is (eg special forces), the higher is the likelihood of death.