Αξιολόγηση της επάρκειας των υπαρχόντων βιβλιογραφικών δεδομένων και αναγνώριση περαιτέρω ερευνητικών αναγκών για τεχνολογίες μετριασμού της κλιματικής αλλαγής – Εφαρμογή στη δέσμευση και αποθήκευση CO2
Κωστοπούλου, Αθανασία Β.
KeywordsΚλιματική αλλαγή ; Μετριασμός κλιματικής αλλαγής ; Αξιολόγηση τεχνολογικών αναγκών ; Ανάγκες αξιολόγησης ; Δέσμευση και αποθήκευση άνθρακα ; Climate change ; Climate change mitigation ; CCMOs ; Technology needs assessment ; TNA ; Research priorities ; Assessment needs ; Sustainability assessment ; Carbon capture and storage ; CCS
Climate change has obvious effects on both temperature and sea level rise and a serious impact on the integrity of ecosystems, water resources, public health, agricultural crops, etc. Actions to combat climate change require sustainable adaptable measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs), both in a global and in a local scale, and assessing the sustainability of such measures is instrumental to move towards a “greener” future. The reduction of greenhouse gas emissions can be achieved through several Climate Change Mitigation Options (CCMOs), technologies or practices, whose impacts are often assessed on specific sustainability dimensions, in order to prioritize them according to their mitigation potential and thus, shape future global and national mitigation strategies. Several studies tackling technological and sustainability assessment of CCMOs have been published over the past few decades. Assessing the performance or the implications of CCMOs is crucial to meet climate goals and achieving research and innovation efficiency in the field of climate change mitigation. The main goal of the work presented in this thesis is to present a review of the existing literature on the main methodological frameworks and indicators used to assess the performance of CCMOs and to identify knowledge gaps and research priorities for a currently uncertain and controversial CCMO, Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS). Our findings highlight a plethora of well-established methodological frameworks and indicators in this field and our work attempts to synthesize existing knowledge into a concensus. On the other hand, CCS is considered an emerging and mature CCMO with great mitigation potential. Findings from scientific literature revealed a heterogeneous landscape of assessment needs and research priorities for CCS and thus, further research promoting the deployment of CCS, should be routed with the attention shifted on how to address existing risks and uncertainties. Overall, the current thesis does not intend to duplicate the abundance of research activity in the field of climate change mitigation, but rather to evaluate the adequacy of the available data in literature, with a view to make existing results and research findings useful to relevant end-users, stakeholders and experts in the field.