Χωρικές ανισότητες εισοδημάτων στην Ελλάδα
Spatial inequalities of income in Greece
Πετρούδης, Άγγελος Ι.
KeywordsΟικογενειακό εισόδημα ; Χωρική στατιστική ανάλυση ; Χωρική αυτοσυσχέτιση ; Χωρικές ανισότητες ; Γεωγραφικά σταθμισμένη παλινδρόμηση ; Household income ; Spatial statistical analysis ; Spatial autocorrelation ; Spatial inequalities ; Geographically weighted regression
The present dissertation refers to the study of mean recorded household income in Greek territory during the financial year of 2011 while taking into account its spatial aspect. Using free software, it analyses public available data that come from the General Secretariat for Information Systems (GSIS) as well as the Hellenic Statistical Authority (ELSTAT) with the aim of extracting added value for these data. The study of the income takes place by applying classical and contemporary methods of both exploratory and explanatory spatial statistical analysis in the most geographically detailed level of administrative division of the country, which means the 325 municipalities, as they were formed by Callicrates program, and also the Autonomous Monastic State of the Holy Mountain. By the results of this study, the existence of unequal distribution of mean incomes among municipalities becomes obvious. In fact, the highest of them are found in Athens’s northern suburbs and East Attica while the lowest in non-urban mountainous and insular municipalities all over the country. Another significant finding is the intense positive autocorrelation of mean income that was detected all around the country with contiguous municipalities tending to have similarly high or low values. Finally, it is clear from the interpretive analysis that the main determinants of income are related with the high educational level as well as the profession of the inhabitants of a municipality. These determinants also have a spatially non-stationary effect on the mean recorded household income. All the conclusions above could possibly help decision - makers to arrive at proper decisions and measures with the ultimate aim of normalizing spatial income inequalities in Greece.