Διερεύνηση συσχετίσεων μεταξύ πρόωρης συνταξιοδότησης και θνησιμότητας στην Ελλάδα και σε χώρες της Ευρώπης πριν και μετά την οικονομική κρίση του 2008
Examining the associations between early retirement and mortality in Greece and other European countries before and after the onset of the 2008 economic crisis
Παπαλουκάς, Αντώνιος Χ.
SubjectΘνησιμότητα -- Στατιστική
Τhis dissertation firstly deals with the notions of morbidity and mortality, presenting at the same time relevant information concerning Greece and Europe. Subsequently, it focuses on early retirement, based on related bibliography, studying various aspects and especially its effects on insurance schemes as well as possible associations with mortality. The analysis that follows aims at examining associations of early retirement with mortality in Greece as well as in other countries of the European Union, using empirical data from the Survey of Health Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). The data analysed refer to two distinct periods of time, chosen to reflect the situation before and after the onset of the economic crisis in 2008, hence, a main goal of the analysis was to depict differentiations occurring between these periods. The analysis was carried out using SPSS. More specifically, descriptive statistics are presented as a first step. Then, associations between various independent variables and the outcome were identified through use of logistic regression. Several models were run: the importance of health variables was studied initially, then behavioral risks were added in the models and finally, variables concerning early retirement were added at the final stage of the study. Main conclusions: ➢ Age and self-perceived health (sphus) are statistically significant predictors of death in both waves. ➢ Τhere is a differentiation in the importance of several indepednet variables on mortality between the two periods under consideration. ➢ Early retirement in the earlier period (Waves 1 to 2) seems to have a negative effect significantly increasing chances of premature death among women. ➢ By contrast in the latter period, between Waves 4 and 5, early retirement does not appear to influence in a statistically significant way, the chances of premature death for both men and women.