Ανοικτά συνδεδεμένα δεδομένα και το πρότυπο Bibframe : Linked Open Data and Bibframe model
KeywordsRDF ; Library and information science ; Οντολογία ; Library of Congress ; Διασυνδεδεμένα Δεδομένα ; Βιβλιοθήκες και Ανοιχτά Διασυνδεδεμένα Δεδομένα ; Βιβλιογραφικά δεδομένα ; MARC ; Linked Data ; Libraries and Linked Data ; XML
The term Linked Data was introduced in 2006 by Tim Berners-Lee, the inventor of the World Wide Web (World Wide Web) and Director of the W3C (World Wide Web Consortium). The aim was to create an object tissue with Linked Data. The term refers to a set of rules and practices in order to access and publish data on the Web. The Linked Data are continuity and condition for the implementation of the Semantic Web, a vision of Tim Berners-Lee who presented himself in 1998. The syntactic and semantic interoperability, which is usually defined as the ability of two or more applications to understand the data between them, is the target of Linked Data in the online world. The RDF model is a technological and methodological innovation and gradually takes a strong position in the field of data management and knowledge, while RDFS language which has been adopted by large communities, is responsible for the implementation of semantic connection and data fusion. On the other hand, the effort of libraries to pass to an upper level cataloging created Bibframe standard that uses Linked Data at the level of bibliographic records and generally the Semantic Web technologies. For publishing and sharing data such as libraries, the team W3C has developed an application to publication based on Web data and apply the rules of Linked Data for free access, is known as LOD, the Cloud open Linked Data.