Ευρωπαϊκή πολιτική για την ασφάλεια στη θάλασσα και προοπτικές ενός ενιαίου θαλάσσιου χώρου
KeywordsΔιαλειτουργικό ; Διατομεακό ; Διασυνοριακό ; Ψηφιακό μορφότυπο ; Γαλάζια Ζώνη ; CISE ; Cross-sector ; Cross-border ; Interoperable ; Digital format ; Blue Belt
The European Union is founded on seas and oceans that are open, protected and safe for its economic development, social stability, free trade, transport, energy safety, tourism and the preservation of the marine environment. These objectives, along with the impact of the global financial crisis that began in 2008, led to the revision and redefinition of existing policies aimed at the “sustainable recovery” of Europe. In this context and with a view to strengthening the competitiveness of shipping over other means of transportation, the creation of a level playing field in terms of competitiveness was sought along with the political decisions for the creation of a “Common European Maritime Space”. This study presents the common points of the goals of the European Commission's announcement for the “Blue Belt, a common transport area for maritime transport”, the modernised “EU Customs Code” and the provisions of the framework of “e-Maritime”, while the key players emerged that are expected to benefit from the - in real time - interoperable, cross-sector and cross-border exchange of information on maritime activities in the EU area of interest. From the analysis of the current information collection applications at national or European level, emerged the developing program “CISE” as the most convenient and functional tool that is expected to reap the benefits of each platform separately, with expected significant added value to the competitiveness of EU maritime transport.