Νέα σύνθεση και δομή του κόστους της ελεύθερης φορτηγού ναυτιλίας (tramp)
KeywordsΕλεύθερη ναυτιλία ; Κόστος ; Θεσμικό πλαίσιο ; Tramp shipping ; Cost ; Institutional framework
The formation of the market conditions and the regulations of the ocean shipping have altered the nature of the shipping activity and the composition of the cost of the shipping markets. In particular one of the biggest key shipping markets which is the tramp shipping has diversified its operations in the manner of conducting the shipping service. By using the economies of scale and using bigger vessels managed to change the structure of their costs. The changes made, which result to the increase of the costs of the tramp and liner shipping as well, are due to a various factors such as the institutional framework for the environment protection and the modern labor laws, along with the undergone crisis of the market. This new structure of the cost in the tramp shipping leads to a sustainable development which brings changes to the way shipping companies deal with their transport activity.