Το μέτρο του ελάχιστου εγγυημένου εισοδήματος στα κράτη-μέλη της Ευρωπαϊκής Ένωσης και η πιλοτική εφαρμογή του, με την ονομασία «Εγγυημένο Κοινωνικό Εισόδημα», στην Ελλάδα
Guaranteed minimum income in European Union and the pilot implementation of the “Guaranteed Social Income” in Greece
SubjectΚοινωνική πολιτική -- Ελλάδα
KeywordsΦτώχεια ; Δείκτες φτώχειας ; Ελάχιστο εγγυημένο εισόδημα ; Ανεπαρκές επίπεδο διαβίωσης ; Ένταξη στην απασχόληση ; Πρόσβαση σε κοινωνικές υπηρεσίες ; Poverty ; Poverty indicators ; Guaranteed minimum income ; Inadequate subsistence level ; Integration in employment ; Access to social services ; Guaranteed social income
Poverty is a timeless social phenomenon. Tackling it requires appropriate welfare measures, from which income support is very important. Thus, the Guaranteed Minimum Income (GMI) is imperative, as “there cannot be a comprehensive social safety net without the existence of a GMI”. (Matsagganis M., Social solidarity and its contradictions, the role of minimum income in a modern social policy, Kritiki, 2004, pg. 99). The European Commission, with the recommendation 92/441 / EEC, published on 24/06/1992, concerning the common criteria of sufficient means of subsistence and social assistance in the social protection systems of the European Union countries, urges EU member states to adopt GMI systems, in order to guarantee minimum resources. Nowadays, the majority of EU member states have a statutory general national GMI scheme. The exceptions are Italy and Spain, countries where the GMI operates at local and regional level, respectively, Hungary, which does not have a general but specific GMI schemes and Greece, which recently initiated the pilot application of GMI. In this thesis, firstly, is made a general mention in poverty and its main types, as well as in the indicators that are used by the European Committee for measuring poverty. There is, also, reference to the poverty-related results (by Eurostat) for 27 member states of EU (Croatia is not included in the thesis, as it was introduced in the EU in 2013 and the available data is insufficient). In the same chapter (the first one), takes place the presentation of the main measures taken for tackling poverty in the EU and which are proposed by the European Commission in the framework of the “Europe 2020 for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth” and included in the “European platform against poverty and social exclusion”. The next chapter -the second one- refers to the measure of GMI in the 26 member states of the EU (the case of Greece is analysed in the third chapter) and in particular, the eligibility criteria, the duration of the benefit, the amount of income support as well as the link there is between income support and integration in employment and access to quality social services. Finally, the thesis ends with (third chapter) the description of existing income measures provided by the greek state, with the presentation of the proposals and attempts that have been made, during the previous years, in order to introduce a GMI scheme in Greece and ultimately, with the presentation of the pilot programme of guaranteed minimum income, which was voted in 2012, is entitled "Guaranteed Social Income" and the pilot application concerns 13 municipalities in greek territory.