Offshore oil drilling - environmental safety
SubjectΠετρέλαιο - Εξόρυξη ; Θαλάσσια ρύπανση ; Oil ; Oil pollution of the sea ; Oil pollution of the sea -- Prevention ; Environment -- Pollution
The purpose of this study is to establish the procedures that lead to pollution of the environment in an offshore oil drilling project, to set out the factors that influence the achievement of a such a project, and which of those are able to lead to a failure and to an accident, and the role of project management in achieving this project. To result to conclusions we should have described the process from the beginning, namely from the stage of exploration until the drilling stage. The way that collected the above data is through the scientific literature and data available on internet. The scientific study on this issue is very large and there was an attempt to develop shortly the various sections and to result at some conclusions from it. The conclusions of this thesis are summarized as follows. • Environmental decision-making in OOG operations is usually a complicated process due to conflicting objectives or criteria, imprecise data, and interdependency between groups of decision-makers. • The role of project management is very important for the project success. • The oil and gas industry has moved from a reactive approach to a proactive approach to safety. • Higher levels of stress and fatigue are linked to lower levels of situation awareness (WSA), which in turn are indicative of increased participation in unsafe work behaviours, and higher accident risk. • Τhe accidents showed that they were due to human error. • In case of Gulf of Mexico, the most significant failure— and the clear root cause of the blowout — was a failure of industry management.