Προβλεπόμενες επιπτώσεις της κλιματικής αλλαγής : τι μας επιφυλάσσει το μέλλον. Οικονομικές επιπτώσεις της κλιματικής αλλαγής
SubjectΚλιματικές αλλαγές -- Οικονομικές απόψεις ; Κλιματολογικές αλλαγές -- Οικονομικές απόψεις ; Ατμόσφαιρα -- Ρύπανση -- Οικονομικές απόψεις ; Climatic changes -- Economic aspects
KeywordsΣτρατηγικές αντιμετώπισης ; Προσαρμογή ; Μετριασμός ; Adaptation strategies ; Mitigation strategies.
Climate change is being caused by increasing greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and is expected to negatively affect people, environments, activities and ecosystems. The effects of climate change are already being felt by increases in temperature, the consequent melting glaciers and rising sea levels, changes in rainfall patterns, more frequent and intense weather events etc. It is now certain, that climate change is caused by human intervention. The effects of climate change are expected to be incurred in economic and social fields such as health, agriculture, environmental stability and the stability of living species habitats, the area of population psychology, food and drinking water security and geographic and population distribution. The complex sector of the economics of climate change has been addressed by many prestigious economists. According to N. Stern (2006) and R. S. Tol (2009), the most important economic impact of climate change is the disproportionate burden on the poorest populations, while richer countries, which are in fact responsible for this change, will not provide compensation equal to their share on the problem. Therefore, mechanisms should be developed, such as special taxation on emissions and providing technical and economical assistance where needed. Immediate and effective action to avoid any further and potentially catastrophic climate change can be achieved with a combination of adaptation and mitigation strategies, using as a tool specific scenarios for climate change, and the propagation of renewable energy sources. I propose that, each strategy must be assessed based on a new ethical framework, in line with the consensus that man has a moral obligation to protect nature.