Γνώσεις και αντιλήψεις αναφορικά με την κυστική ίνωση
Νομικού, Ελένη Κ.
Cystic fibrosis is the most common fatal inherited disease in Caucasians in Europe. It is estimated that more than 600.000 Greeks are cystic fibrosis carriers. Additionally, more than 700 children and young adults are suffered from cystic fibrosis and approximately 70-90 new cases are diagnosed every year. There is no available cure, so an appropriate prenatal screening for cystic fibrosis is considered to be necessary, in order to reduce the frequency of occurrence of the disease. The aim of this study was to assess the attitudes and the knowledge of pregnant women and women planning a pregnancy, toward cystic fibrosis and carrier screening. The study population consisted of 60 pregnant women and 60 married non-pregnant women. The response rate was 85% and Cronbach’s coefficient alpha for the questionnaire was 0.65. Fifty-seven and one-half percent of the respondents declared that were informed about cystic fibrosis, while only 12.5% were aware of their carrier status. Non-pregnant women, younger women and women with higher educational level had more knowledge about the disease (p=0.015, p=0.03 and p=0.024 respectively). Ninety-six percent of the respondents identified the importance and the necessity of carrier screening for cystic fibrosis even in an obligatory form. The main reasons for choosing prenatal screening were family history with cystic fibrosis and health scientists’ recommendation, while ignorance about the disease considered to be the main reason for not choosing screening. The 56.7% of the respondents indicated a willingness to terminate a pregnancy in case that both women and their spouses are found to be cystic fibrosis carriers during pregnancy. Findings of this study bring out the need for further education on cystic fibrosis as well as the introduction of appropriate prenatal screening for cystic fibrosis in order to reduce the frequency of occurrence of the disease.