Εκτίμηση των επιπτώσεων της απελευθέρωσης των οδικών εμπορευματικών μεταφορών στην παροχή υπηρεσιών της ναυτιλίας μικρών αποστάσεων στην Ελλάδα
Αντωνιάδη, Ιουλία - Μαρία
SubjectShipping -- Shortsea ; Μεταφορές ; Transportation ; Θαλάσσιες μεταφορές ; Ναυτιλία ; Εμπορευματοκιβώτια ; Freight and freightage
The European Union has strived for deregulation in the road transport sector on the grounds of improved quality and reduced freight rales on the services offered. Implementing a deregulation process in the road freight transport aims at protecting the public interest, improving transport services as well as achieving higher compliance with the rules of fair competition. Extensive research has been undertaken to investigate the impact of road transport sector deregulation on freight fates, security and environment among others. This paper adds to the literature by analyzing the impact of the road transport deregulation on the Short Sea Shipping sector. The findings have two important implications for the formation of transport policy, that is regulatory reforms and the provision of stimuli to road freight transport companies have negative effects on short sea shipping; additionally environmental benefits can be gained if the policies towards the enhancement of short sea shipping are complemented by focusing on reducing road freight transport externalities, including lowering truck movements based on load factors / empty runs and decreasing the number of trucks.