Παράγοντες & κριτήρια επιλογής σημαίας νηολόγησης
SubjectΝαυτιλία -- Οικονομικές απόψεις ; Shipping -- Economic aspects ; Ships -- Registration and transfer ; Ships -- Registration and transfer -- Greece ; Ship transfers to foreign registry -- Economic aspects
Each vessel is registered by its owners under a ship registry of their choice, reflecting their policy, goals and interests. A maritime flag is considered important at sea and the rules and regulations for the flying of flags are strictly enforced. The flag flown is related to the country of registration: so much so that the word "flag" is often used symbolically as a synonym for country of registration. Many choose to register their vessel in the ship registry of their native country, however, quite often a flag of a foreign state is chosen. Although the flag is an enduring symbol of the nationality of a ship and it is conferred upon a ship under international law, in many cases it has very little relevance, significance, or association from a nationality or patriotic perspective to the owners and crew of the ship. There is, in today's global shipping world, very often no contact at all between the flag State, the ship-owner, and polyglot crews of modern merchant ships and their ship will normally never trade to that State. This discussion on choice of flag State commences with an examination of the motives of ship-owners in making the decision to flag out (Mansell J., 2009). The competitiveness of the global market has made the so called flags of convenience very popular. Such flag states are more tolerant in registering vessels of lower standards therefore decreasing the operational costs in favor of profit. The Flag State is one of the factors that determines the level of seaworthiness of a vessel, depending on the standards its sets. High standards lead to high level of seaworthiness. The aim of this thesis is to evaluate the factors that affect the choice of flag, from the part of the ship owners, not only by examining the three successful case studies of the Greek, Cypriot and Liberian Registry, but also analyzing the responses of numerous shipping companies to a questionnaire.