Διερεύνηση των δημογραφικών και κοινωνικο-οικονομικών παραγόντων που επηρεάζουν το επίπεδο εκπαίδευσης των μεταναστών στην Ελλάδα
Investigation of demographic and socio-economic factors affecting the level of education of immigrants in Greece
Παντελή, Χριστίνα Κ.
SubjectΔιαπολιτισμική εκπαίδευση ; Μειονότητες -- Εκπαίδευση -- Ελλάδα ; Πολυπολιτισμικότητα ; Μετανάστες -- Ελλάδα -- Κοινωνικές συνθήκες
The educational issues of immigrants, living in Greece, have been under investigation, so as to be taken into account, when formulating educational policiesin the recent decades. At the same time, the change in the migration settings in the country, according to which, Greece is gradually becoming a country receiving large numbers of economic migrants and refugees with intense illegal immigration, raises the interest in the study and identification of those factors that affect the educational profile of immigrant pupils and students. The purpose of this dissertation is to investigate the demographic and socio-economic factors, affecting the level of education of immigrants in Greece, using data from the census of 2001. Immigrants, who were selected to participate in the survey, are aged from 6 to 29 years old. With respect to the countries of origin of the sample, selection was based on the preponderance of migrant population in Greece, while the grouping of these countries was based on the geopolitical location and possible similarities of their educational systems. The study of associations of gender, economic and educational level of parents, with the educational level of the respondents, was carried out, using Multinomial logistic regression. The findings indicate that gender is a statistically significant factor for migrants from Albania, the Balkans and Eastern Europe. Especially women, compared with men, have higher academic performance. The economic status of parents is a statistically significant factor for migrants from Albania and the Balkans and the educational level of parents shows statistical significance in all four population groups of immigrants. Therefore, immigrants, whose parents are highly educated, are more likely to achieve high academic performance and be introduced to higher education.