Ζητήματα προστασίας και ασφάλειας στη ναυτιλία τον 21ο αιώνα: η περίπτωση των ΗΠΑ
Βουκελάτου, Σταμάτα - Ελένη Φ.
SubjectΝαυσιπλοΐα -- Ασφάλεια ; Θαλάσσια ασφάλιση ; Ναυτικά ατυχήματα ; Ναυτιλία -- Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες Αμερικής
Shipping is one of the oldest businesses in the economy and it has been the engine of international commerce as over 90 per cent of the global trade involves activity by sea. The shipping sector was undoubtedly one of the main sectors for the development of maritime trade and it is evident that positive development is connected directly with ensuring safety and security of the marine environment. The main objective of this thesis was to analyze a comprehensive body of conventions, codes and recommendations on matters relating to maritime safety and pollution prevention on a worldwide basis, adopted by organizations such as International Maritime Organization (IMO). Furthermore, the case of USA is analyzed extensively, including the coverage of the main conventions as well as a comprehensive series of measures covering safety and pollution prevention. Particularly, these measures set out the conditions in case of pollution due to marine accidents, making the procedure of inspections highly strict in all aspects. The results indicate that, the number of marine accidents in the U.S. seaborne trading region has been reduced dramatically after the updated established legislation. As the pressure on the marine environment increased, it is obvious that, the authorities declare their awareness to the environmental protection continuously.