Ο ρόλος της Λαϊκής Δημοκρατίας της Κίνας στη διεθνή ναυτιλία
China’s transformation into a dynamic private sector- led economy and its integration into the global economy have been among the most dramatic economic developments of recent decades. Indeed, China’s growth performance over the last two decades has been spectacular, with GDP growth averaging almost 8 per cent. China now ranks as the sixth largest economy in the world (at market exchange rates). The expansion of China’s role in the world trading system has been no less remarkable, with its overall share in world trade rising from less than 1 percent in 1979 to about 6 percent in 2003. There are strong prospects that China’s rapid economic growth and trade expansion could be sustained well into the future. However, a number of macroeconomic and structural vulnerabilities need to be addressed for this potential to be fully realized. Given the size and complexity of the Chinese economy, many of these reform challenges are interrelated. China’s traditional approach to reform has been incremental in Maritime but, in view of its rapid opening up to the world economy, a more concerted and multifaceted approach to the reform process in maritime issues will be crucial to maintain rapid growth and manage the challenges associated with the process of global integration. It will try to provide an overview of some of the key aspects of China’s recent growth and integration with the maritime sector and discusses some of the main policy challenges that lie ahead.