Marine pollution: microplastics, waste and ballast water
The present thesis was compiled within the framework of the Postgraduate / Master’s Studies in “Shipping Management” at the University of Piraeus. It addresses the environmental problem of marine pollution as well as the modern management system for dealing with it in the maritime sector in general, as well as in vessels and human activity in particular. An extensive reference of the problem of marine pollution associated with ballast water is presented, with all kinds of waste, as well as microplastics, both as a form of waste and as invaders to the human dietary system. The applicable regulations as proposed by international organizations and conventions (MARPOL, BWM, Basel Convention, etc.) are also highlighted. Finally, the results of chronic scientific researches are analyzed, as well as proposed methods of management and treatment not only of the marine pollution but also of the individual problems.