Ζητήματα λόγω της εκμετάλλευσης προσωπικών δεδομένων
AdvisorΔελούκα - Ιγγλέση, Κορνηλία
KeywordsΓενικός Κανονισμός Προστασίας Δεδομένων (ΓΚΠΔ) ; Προσωπικά δεδομένα ; Ευρωπαϊκή νομοθεσία ; Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση
The numerous European laws for data protection that preceded the GDPR reveal two main difficulties. First of all, it highlights the difficulty of adequately regulating the protection of personal data, due to the connection of them with the rapid technological developments, which rapidly make the previous regulations obsolete. Secondly, it highlights the difficulty of implementing a single regulatory framework in all EU countries due to the uneven technological development and the asymmetrical application of the older directives by the Member States. The choice of the form of the new European law (a regulation instead of the earlier directive) is indicative of the EU's intention to play a more crucial role in securing the protection of personal data in the European states. However, in addition to the existence of few significant new provisions (such as the European Council on the Protection of Personal Data), the GDPR systematizes in a single text provision that either was scattered in supranational laws and conventions or were already deduced from the interpretation of the Authorities and Courts. Therefore, it’s proved that the protection of personal data is not guaranteed only by the adoption of strict regulations but, above all, by the reinforcement of the mechanisms that ensure their implementation. The first chapter of this research paper presents a conceptual and legal approach of personal data and its processing, and the second chapter seeks to examine the historical evolution of the right to the protection of personal data in secondary EU law before GDPR. Additionally, the third chapter presents the conditions that led to the adoption of the new Regulation, while the fourth chapter analyzes the basic provisions of the GDPR. Finally, chapter 5 analyzes the provisions of the Regulation on Independent Authorities responsible for monitoring its implementation, chapter 6 analyzes the concept of targeted advertising and presents prominent cases of exploitation of personal data and Chapter 7 presents the conclusions of the research.