Κοινωνική, οικονομική και περιβαλλοντική ανάπτυξη στην παράκτια ζώνη της Αττικής: μελέτη περίπτωσης της Αθηναϊκής Ριβιέρας
Social, economic and environmental development of the coastal zone of Attica: case study of the Athenian Riviera
KeywordsΟλοκληρωμένη Διαχείριση Παράκτιας Ζώνης (ΟΔΠΖ) ; Αθηναϊκή Ριβιέρα ; Παράκτιες ζώνες ; Ρύπανση
In this paper, we study the coastal zone of Attica and more specifically the part of the Athenian Riviera (from Piraeus to Sounio). The study focuses on the social, economic and environmental development of the area and our goal is to see whether it conforms with the principles of Integrated Coastal Zone Management and, if not so, whether it can be adjusted. The area is holistically studied, as we examine the socio-economic profile of the area, the possible environmental and economic consequences of the recent wreck of Agia Zoni II, while at the same time analyzing the opinion of the residents of Attica on coasts, waters and pollution issues concerning Attica and its marine environment. The survey about the users’, of the coastal zone, opinion was conducted using a questionnaire and the data gathered was analyzed with a statistical tool. Meanwhile, we study the development projects planned in the region as well as the projects that are being executed now and aim at the transformation of the Athenian Riviera into something completely different from what we are used to, at the present time. It is indeed interesting to see how all this information is linked to each other and whether it contributes to the sustainable development of the Athenian Riviera. The paper is divided into 6 chapters, with chapter 1 referring to introductory references and definitions, in order to understand the coastal zone and integrated coastal zone management, better. In chapter 2, the Greek institutional framework governing the coastal zone is studied, while in Chapter 3 the Athenian Riviera and all the parts that compose it are analyzed. In Chapter 4 we make reference to concepts of pollution, we focus on marine pollution and suggest ways in which to deal with it, while at the same time we contemplate the wreck of Agia Zoni II and its implications. Chapter 5 concerns the survey conducted with a questionnaire and evaluates the results. Finally, in chapter 6 we present our conclusions.