Παράγοντες που σχετίζονται με την ψυχική υγεία στην Ελλάδα και στην Ευρώπη το 2015
Factors associated with mental well-being in Greece and other European countries in 2015
Depression is one of the most important mental health conditions of the modern age. This MSc thesis is based on the sixth wave of the SHARE study (Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe) and aims to investigate associations between depression and various factors concerning people aged 50 years and over, across Europe and Greece. To attain the dissertation’s objectives, Logistic Regression has been used as the main method of analysis. In particular, an introduction referring to the characteristics of depression and various risk factors, based on past research, is presented in the first chapter. The second chapter reports information about SHARE and the variables related to our analysis. At the same time, a descriptive statistical analysis of the sample is carried out, to investigate variations in depression according to demographic, socio-economic, health and morbidity characteristics. Subsequently, the third chapter explores possible correlations between the dependent variable – depression – and the other independent variables using contingency tables, Chi-Square Tests or correlation coefficients in some cases. Additionally, the fourth chapter includes exploration of these associations using logistic regression models and finally, the fifth chapter presents the main conclusions of the study derived from the statistical analysis. The main findings of the analysis can be summarized as follows: female gender, living alone, financial hardship, poor health and certain health conditions (such as Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, cancer and peptic ulcer) are related to higher chances of depression among Europeans.