Ανάλυση των επιλογών και ναυτιλιακών εφαρμογών για την χρήση ανανεώσιμων πηγών ενέργειας στη ναυτιλία
The purpose of this assignment is to explore the choises and the applications that can be used for the implementation of the Renewable Sources of Energy (R.S.E) in the maritime field. For this purpose, an analysis of secondary data has been made. The results of this research have proven the lack of a single, universal regulatory and certifying framework in the use of R.S.E in the maritime industry, and this exact lack is being covered by private initiatives, that concern certification, evaluation, education and rewarding efforts towards the (private) companies, employees and the vessels having adopted the R.S.E. Many maritime companies worldwide hesitate over taking the step to use them, because of their private interests – being questioned-, due to their misinformation about them and the lack of practical examples of successful transition of this kind. However, there are some positive outcomes that concern the adoption of methods, which will lead to a wider use of the Renewable Sources of Energy in the maritime field. On the same wavelength, the tax and financial benefits seem to remain more for those who choose the old-fashioned fuels (like the HSFO) instead of the ones who adopt the R.S.E. On the other hand, though, there are examples of companies and vessels that have started using the R.S.E and showed significant reduction on their (operating) costs. Furthermore, both the marine industry and the maritime regulating bodies are offering initiatives (tax exemptions, environmental and ethical awareness etc.) to the maritime companies worldwide in order to start adopting technologies, related to the Renewable Sources of Energy.