Ανάλυση της νοσοκομειακής νοσηρότητας του πληθυσμού της Ελλάδας σε επίπεδο νομού
Analysis of hospital morbidity of the population of Greece at prefecture Level
Κατσικογιάννη, Μαρία - Άννα
KeywordsΝοσηρότητα σε επίπεδο νομού ; Νοσοκομεία ; Θνησιμότητα ; Δημογραφική γήρανση ; Πληθυσμός ; Ελλάδα ; Στατιστική ανάλυση ; Παλινδρόμηση
The aim of this dissertation is to study the morbidity of the population of Greece for 17 categories of illnesses at prefecture level, for the year 2011. The analysis particularly focuses on 3 categories of diseases that seem to be responsible for the greatest amount of hospital morbidity. The analysis is carried out for both sexes combined (males and females) and for all the age groups. For the purpose of the analysis we used statistical information derived from the 2011 population census and hospital data for the year 2011 collected and published by ELSTAT. In the context of our analysis, we used the Crude Rate of outgoing patients from hospitals (CER) and the Standardized Ratio of outgoing patients from hospitals (SER) for each cause of illness. We also employed parametric statistical measures, the Pearson correlation coefficient, we estimated linear regression models and we applied Chi-squared statistics to test various statistical hypotheses. According to our results, the main cause of death and morbidity is neoplasms and respiratory and circulatory diseases. Additionally, an important amount of reported morbidity was due to the undefined conditions. When more detailed data become available future research will directed to the study of potential particularities between the two sexes and across different age groups and to examine possible relationships between morbidity and basic socioeconomic indices at regional level.