Ευρωπαϊκό δίκαιο και στρατηγικές για την ανάπτυξη της θαλάσσιας οικονομίας και η μεταφορά τους στην περίπτωση της Ελλάδας
The need for sustainability of international seas and oceans is non-negotiable due to its untapped potential which secures the raising of resources and it is possible to derive a variety of benefits such as job creation, positive economic growth and prosperity in general. The present master thesis analyzes a timeless and always up-to-date matter especially for both Greece and the European Union which is the development of the marine economy, known as the "blue economy". In particular, the EU legislation on the blue economy and development, as well as the national legislation on the matter as introduced in compliance with and harmonization with EU legislation, are presented. In particular, a reference to European legislation on maritime policy - whether binding or not - is made, with simultaneous presentation of its objectives, beginning with a concise presentation of the Green Paper on European Maritime Policy and its mainobjectives and continuing with an extensive analysis of the Blue Paper on an Integrated Maritime Policy in the European Union, which aims at a more coherent approach at maritime issues through increased coordination between various policies and includes a variety of intersectoral policies, of which in the present master thesis the policy of data and knowledge for the sea, the maritime spatial planning, the integrated maritime surveillance and the blue growth strategy are presented. At the same time, the proportional implementation of the aforementioned strategies and policies is presented in the respective areas related to the development of the blue economy in Greece. Finally, the underlying project of the Municipality of Piraeus for the “blue” development of the city and the related initiatives that have already been or are expected to be undertaken to promote this project, is briefly presented. The purpose of this master thesis is to emphasize the importance of the development of the blue economy at both national and European level as well as the European Union's multiannual effort to move towards a holistic approach to sea issues and to coordinate the various policies and decision makers in order to save resources from more efficient exploitation of marine wealth.