Οι επιπτώσεις της οικονομικής κρίσης στην υγεία και το θεσμικό πλαίσιο
The effects of the economic crisis in health and the institutional framework
KeywordsΟικονομική κρίση ; Επιπτώσεις ; Υγεία ; Θεσμικό πλαίσιο ; Economic crisis ; Consequences ; Health ; Institutional framework
The recent financial crisis that began in 2007 has affected and continues to negatively affect the economy both internationally and at European and Greek level, but different in intensity, due to the different development of each country. The countries with the largest growth have been hit harder and the countries with medium or low growth have been hit hardest. But within the countries there has been a differentiation of its intensity among the citizens, with those belonging to the lower strata being hit harder. It is natural that when a country's economy is affected to affect the health of its citizens, and health systems are also affected, as governments reduce spending, and for the health sector, so there are funding problems This paper aims to analyze the impact of the economic crisis on health and the institutional framework. A bibliographic review as well as survey data was used to develop and analyze this issue. The first chapter presents the economic crisis in general with a historical retrospective of the old economic crises, as well as the causes and consequences of the recent crisis. The second chapter refers to health by giving its definition and the factors that affect it. Also, in this chapter reference has been made to public health as science and art, on disease prevention and health promotion, and on health care systems. The third chapter discusses the impact of the economic crisis on health, such as unemployment, mortality, abuse, nutritional habits, and health care with inadequate funding. The fourth chapter lists the institutional framework for health and how it was institutionalized before and during the crisis. Finally, the fifth chapter gives the conclusions of this paper.