Οι παράγοντες που επιδρούν στις εξαγωγές
KeywordsΑνάπτυξη εξαγωγών ; Ανάπτυξη ΑΕΠ ; Έμμεσοι φόροι ; Ακαθάριστες εγχώριες αποταμιεύσεις ; Ανάπτυξη πληθυσμού ; Πραγματική συναλλαγματική ισοτιμία ; Παγκόσμιο εισόδημα ; Panel data
The aim of this thesis is to present the effect of various factors on the exports growth for 25 countries of the European Union. The exports are particularly significant for the economic growth, because they are linked with the inflow of money and the increase in foreign exchange reserves. The analysis is based on panel data and the sample is consisted of annual data for the period 1995-2016. In order to take into account the global recession, we split the sample between 1995-2007 and 2008-2016. The results for the years 1995-2016 and 1995-2007 are common but there are some differences as regards the results of the period 2008-2016. In particularly, the annual GDP growth, the gross domestic savings and the world income have positive and statistically significant impact on exports growth in all samples, however the annual population growth has negative impact. For the years 1995-2016 and 1995-2007, the real effective exchange rate has positive relationship with the annual exports growth, while for the years after the crisis the indirect taxes display a negative relationship. No significant relationship found between the industrial added value and the exports growth. Finally, by adding the lagged endogenous variable as an exogenous variable, we concluded that the exports growth is positively influenced by the growth of the previous year.