Η φιλοσοφία της Ευρωπαϊκής Ένωσης και η συμβολή της στην υγεία
The philosophy of the European Union and its contribution to health
KeywordsΕυρωπαϊκή Ένωση ; Διασυνοριακό ; Υγειονομική περίθαλψη ; European Union ; Cross-border healthcare
The European Union was established with the Maastricht Treaty on 1 November 1993. The main pillars of EU's operations are freedom of movement for: (i) persons, (ii) goods, (iii) services, and (iv) capitals within the internal market of the Union (Vetter et al., 2013). In addition, in accordance to Article 168 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, the protection of health and safety of residents should be taken into account in all European Union’s policies. In the context of this study, the EUROPEAN UNION of EU is being examined. EUROPEAN UNION aims primarily to the freedom of movement for goods and the facilitation of intra-community trade. In addition, EUROPEAN UNION has influenced positively the protection of health for EU citizens and the general security in Europe. Next, the cross-border healthcare for residents of European Union, which primarily aims to the freedom of movement of patients and related services, is examined. Free movement of patients or mobility of patients or cross-border healthcare, as it usually stands out - suggests access to health care services outside the country a EU resident lives, but in other countries within the EU. Next, the principles and philosophy of the EUROPEAN UNION is compared with the corresponding principles and philosophy of cross-border healthcare and the common points and differentiations identified between the two EU policies are outlined. Finally, the conclusions of this study on the ways in which EUROPEAN UNION protects the health of EU citizens and the state of healthcare provided in the Member States of the Union are presented. Next, constraints of current study and proposals for relevant future research are suggested.