Οικονομικές ανισότητες μεταξύ των ηλικιωμένων σε χώρες της Ευρωπαϊκής Ένωσης: ανάλυση βάσει των μικροδεδομένων του προγράμματος SHARE
Economic inequalities among elderly in european countries: an analysis based on SHARE microdata
KeywordsΚοινωνικοοικονομικές ανισότητες ; Δείκτες συγκέντρωσης ; Λογιστική παλινδρόμηση ; Έρευνα SHARE ; Socio-economics inequalities ; Concentration index ; Logistic regression
In recent years, more and more research has focused on studying the existence of associations between health, socio-economic status and retirement. This dissertation aims at applying established methods to investigate socio-economic inequalities among people aged 50 and over in European countries. The analysis is based on the second wave of SHARE (Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe) data collection and concerns 14 countries. Economic, health and demographic variables are used for statistical analysis. Initially the methods of assessing socio-economic inequalities are mentioned, focusing on the Lorenz Curve, the Concentration Index and the range of possible values, as well as Logistic Regression. Subsequently, basic descriptive statistics of the sample are presented and the effect between health and economic variables using the concentration index is examined, as well as the effects of demographic and economic factors on health indicators using Logistic Regression. With regard to this latter method, apart from all the countries it also focuses on Greece too. Finally, some conclusions are derived from the above effects, taking into account the combination of the analysis methods used in this paper.