Πολιτικές ενίσχυσης του ναυτιλιακού πλέγματος - cluster. Η ευρωπαϊκή εμπειρία και η ελληνική πρακτική
KeywordsΑνταγωνιστικότητα ; Ναυτιλιακό cluster ; Γεωγραφική συγκέντρωση ; Καινοτομία ; Παγκοσμιοποίηση ; Competitiveness ; Maritime cluster ; Geographical concentration ; Innovation ; Globalization
In the present thisis will be studying the maritime cluster policies and understanding its contribution to the country's economy. Initially, we will study cluster theory based on international literature. We will focus mainly on M. Porter's theory of grid and analysis of M. Porter's diamond. Then we will analyze the characteristics of the clusters and their species. Following the theory we will refer to the life cycle of the cluster, then giving examples of a globalcluster. In the next chapter we will go into the analysis of the maritime grid, focusing on the characteristics and policies of the development of shipping grids. An important role in the functioning of the maritime grid is played by cooperation between the various branches of the maritime grid, for example ports with port services, shipping with logistics and transport. Finally, we will analyze the effects on cluster participants from their creation and clustering. Then we will deal with the European experience by analyzing the European maritime clusters, in particular the cases of the Netherlands, Denmark, Norway and France. Through this analysis we will focus on the policies pursued by these successful clusters and their benefits to the economy of the respective country. Finally, this paper will analyze the Greek practice, the efforts to create a Greek cluster and the movements of the organizations in this direction. By focusing on a growing cluster of shipping clusters, yachting of sea tourism sets the goal of studying the prospects in this field, which has many benefits to the Greek economy.