Κρίσεις στη ναυτιλία και την οικονομία και οι επιδράσεις στη λιμενική βιομηχανία
KeywordsΟικονομικές κρίσεις ; Διεθνές εμπόριο ; Ναυτιλιακή κρίση ; Λιμάνια ; Λιμενική βιομηχανία ; Economic crisis ; International trade ; Maritime crisis ; Ports
The current post-graduate thesis aims to highlight the impact of global financial and economic crisis on global shipping and international trade as well as to study the corresponding crisis in the port industry. The issue of the crisis and its consequences is a matter that has been heavily addressed by members of the maritime and port communities but also by various professors, members of research teams and stakeholders as it has a serious impact on the operation of businesses and in the economies of the countries focused in shipping industry. To achieve this goal, this paper first analyzes the key concepts of the crisis. It then reviews the most important economic crises of the last century and then focuses on the specific causes of the 2008 and the following years crisis and its further characteristics. An overview is then made on the development of international trade in recent years and the impact of the recession on both trade and the port industry, as well as on the consequences of the economic downturn. Reference is also made to adaptation measures for shipping companies in crisis situations. In conclusion, the period after 2008, which was the period of deep economic downturn at global level, was chosen so as to examine its influence on the entire shipping industry and the ports. The consequences of the 2008 crisis in the commercial activity of ports around the world is being presented and proposals are being made to address the effects of the crisis in the current period.