Διατροφικές συνήθειες των Ελλήνων και μεσογειακή διατροφή
Nutrition habits of the Greeks and mediterranean diet
The purpose of this dissertation is to assess to what extent the Greeks follow the Mediterranean diet, and to investigate the factors that influence the adherence to the Mediterranean diet. The survey was conducted with a sample of 1000 individuals (502 females and 498 males) which was drawn from the epidemiological study ATTIKI. The demographic, clinical, and general characteristics as well as the medical record and the general dietary habits of the participants were collected in a dataset. The assessment of the degree of the adherence to the Mediterranean diet was processed with the usage of the dietary indicator Mediterranean Diet Score. The adherence of the participants to the Mediterranean diet was assessed with a range of 0-55, with the higher values of the indicator suggesting higher adherence to the Mediterranean diet (ie 0-20 low adherence, 21-35 average, and 36-55 high adherence). The analysis of the data revealed that the 80.6% of the participants demonstrates an average adherence to the Mediterranean diet, while a percentage of 15.2% demonstrates a low adherence and a percentage of 4.2% a high adherence. The mean value of the Mediterranean Diet Score indicator was 26 points. It was found that the adherence to a Mediterranean diet has a statistically significant relationship with the gender, the age and the family status, the level of education, the socioeconomic situation, the high blood pressure, the diabetes, the hypercholesterolemia, the cardiovascular diseases, the daily consumption of caffeine in ml, and the daily consumption of butter (p<0,05). Moreover, an “Average adherence” to the Mediterranean diet was found to be related to gender, age, family status, to obesity as well as to normal body weight, and to the daily consumption of butter, caffeine and to high blood pressure. A statistically significant relationship between “High adherence” to Mediterranean diet and the gender and the level of education (p-value<0,05) was also found. It was observed that the adherence of Greeks to the Mediterranean diet is average. As a result, it can be argued that new strategies for raising awareness about the health dietary habits are much needed.