Η σημασία της ναυτιλίας μικρών αποστάσεων στο σύστημα συνδυασμένων μεταφορών στη μεσόγειο
KeywordsΝαυτιλία μικρών αποστάσεων ; Θαλάσσιες μεταφορές ; Μεσόγειος Θάλασσα ; Motorways of the sea ; Short Sea Shipping
On a global scale, the contribution of Short Sea Shipping (SSS) is undoubtedly of utmost importance not only for Commerce, but also for a variety of purposes internationally. Whilst overviewing the case of SSS contribution to Transport, specifically within Europe and its greater area, we can observe that the ultimate goal for an ideal transport model is for SSS to evolve to an integrated intermodal transport system which is capable to maintain and develop the competition as well as to ensure economic and social unity. The SSS has the ability to provide efficient transport into comparatively low cost with lesser external costs compared to either trucking or different transportation systems. In order to exploit the benefits arising from SSS, it can easily be assumed that an integrated European policy is crucial in order to promote it accordingly. SSS can meet its needs and requirements in modern transport data, only by the case of its incorporation to a single multimodal / intermodal transport system promoted methodically and wholly by the European Union. The SSS sector so far, shows obvious signs that in the very near future, there will be a vital need of improvement in both organizational and administrative level in order to improve its effectiveness and achieve its full integration in a complete transport network. Additionally, ports will play an equally important and influential role in the infrastructure as their current way of operation is not always as effective as needed and required, and also consequently they will need to adapt in the new order for SSS. Several initiatives triggered by the European Commission have been taking place for a long period of time for the development of SSS and to nowadays, with the most recent example the case of MoS (Motorways of the Sea), heading towards the correct direction in order to develop essentially the maritime transport sector and all other practices attached to it.