Προετοιμασία και προδιαγραφή του προτύπου ISO 14001 και εφαρμογή του σε βιομηχανία καλωδίων
KeywordsΣυστήματα διαχείρισης περιβάλλοντος ; Αειφόρος ανάπτυξη ; Πρότυπα διαχείρισης ποιότητας ; Βιομηχανία καλωδίων ; ISO 14000 Series Standards
During the last years, it is observed a raising public awareness towards new patterns of behavior, which reinforce the need to protect the environment worldwide (Afisco, 1997). In their turn, the enterprises proceeded to the development of internal environmental strategy and to the publication of official documentation, in order to comply with the prescribed limits of pollution, by applying an Environmental Management System, such as ISO 14001. The goal of this thesis is to present the specifications of the International Standard ISO 14001: 2004 (its role and requirements), as well as the application of this standard in the Greek industry CABLEL S.A. The thesis consists of seven chapters, each one of them consists a part of the whole object that is examined. More specifically, the first chapter is the introduction of the thesis and describes the changes in the field of modern enterprises and how they were gradually led to the adoption of quality standards. The second chapter examines the Environmental Quality Standards and the Environmental Management Systems. There is also a reference to the ISO quality standards, with particular emphasis on the group of standards ISO14000. Furthermore, there is a reference to the European Community Regulation EMAS and the advantages of implementing an Environmental Management System and the certification of an organization. Thereafter, the third chapter makes a presentation of the standard ISO14001: its history, its Terms and Definitions, its Requirements (general, legal and other). It is also made a reference to the implementation and maintenance of the standard, the control of the documents, the control of its implementation and the response to emergency situations. Finally, in this chapter are examined the benefits of the adoption of the ISO14001 standard by an organization. The fourth chapter presents the implementation of the ISO14001 in the Greek industry CABLEL S.A. First of all, they are given the general data of the industrial plant. Then, it is made a description of the production process and it is given the consumption of raw and final materials, fuel, water and energy. They are also presented in detail all the waste produced (air pollutants, solid non-hazardous and hazardous waste, liquid waste) and their management system. Finally, they are presented the implementation processes of the ISO14001 standard in the industrial plant, with data given for the management system, the environmental policy, the environmental aspects and environmental objectives and targets of the industry. The fifth chapter presents the attempt to calculate the energy consumption of the equipment of the Thebes plant of the company. This is done through the installed power of the engines and the supportive industrial equipment and their runtime. The sixth chapter presents the environmental KPI's company in the past five years and an assessment of its environmental performance and progress during this period of time. Finally the thesis is completed in the seventh chapter in which all the conclusions are presented.